Dry Eyes Causes , Symptoms and Treatments

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Even when you’re happy, tears well up in your eyes. They add moisture and lubrication to your eyes to help you see and keep them comfortable.

What exactly is a tear? They’re a mash-up of:

-Moisture, in the form of moisture
-Oils, which are used for lubrication.
-Mucus, for even distribution
-Antibodies and unique proteins that protect against infection

Ingredients are derived from glands located around your eye. Your tear system is probably out of whack if you have dry eyes.

If your tears aren’t moist enough, you might notice:

-A rough sensation
-Feeling as if something is in your eye
-Itching
-Redness
-Vision that is blurry
-Sensitivity to light

Dry eyes might cause an excessive amount of tears. Reflex tearing is the name for this perplexing phenomenon. It happens when your eye is irritated by a lack of moisture. It sends a signal to your nervous system that it needs extra lubricant. To compensate for the dryness, your body produces a flow of tears. It’s similar to when you get sand in your eye and it starts to run. However, because these tears are primarily water, they don’t behave like regular tears. They can remove particles, but they can’t coat the surface of your eye.

What Are the Causes of Dry Eyes?

Your tear-flow system may be out of equilibrium at times. Alternatively, your air conditioner, heater, or other items in your environment may dry out your tear film. Other factors to consider are:

-The aging process, particularly menopause
-Side effects of some medications, such as antihistamines
-Sjogren’s syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, and collagen vascular disorders are all conditions that limit your ability to generate tears.
-Illnesses that prevent your eyes from closing properly

What Is the Treatment for Dry Eyes?

There are several alternatives available. Consult your eye doctor for advice. The following are some of the treatments.

1. Artificial tear drops and ointments.

This is the most popular method of treatment. Over-the-counter drops come in a variety of flavors. Because no single product will work for everyone, you may need to test a few to find the one that is ideal for you. If you have chronic dry eye, you must take the drops even if your eyes appear to be normal; otherwise, they will not stay moist enough. You can apply a thick product, such as an ointment, at night if your eyes dry up while you sleep. Consider sleeping with your sealed goggles on. They’ll turn your eyes into a miniature “moisture chamber.”

2. Punctal occlusion (temporary).

The punctum, or duct that drains tears from your eye, may be closed by your doctor. They could begin with a temporary plug that would disintegrate over time. Your doctor will be able to tell if permanent plugs will help based on how it works.

3. Punctal plugs that do not dissolve and punctal occlusion by cautery (application of heat to tear exit duct).

If temporary plugs work well, your doctor may recommend longer-lasting ones or a long-lasting plug right away. They could also choose for a cautery operation. You could take a sedative and then burn the opening shut with a specific instrument. A permanent plug is formed by the scar that forms. By obstructing the “drainpipe” through which tears normally flow from your eye to your nose, these measures enhance your tear production. Tear plugs are simple to remove, although they occasionally slip out or fall down the tear drain. They can help you feel better about your eyes and reduce the need for artificial tears.

4. Lipiflow

Heat and pressure are used by this medical equipment to clear clogged glands on your eyelids. The oil in your tears is produced by these glands. It keeps your eye moist and stops your tears from drying out.

5. Testosterone cream

A deficiency of testosterone in the oil glands on your eyelids might cause dry eye. A testosterone cream that you apply to your eyelids may be prescribed by your doctor. It can aid in the proper functioning of your oil glands.

6. The antibiotic cyclosporine (Cequa, Restasis).

This prescription eye drop aids in the production of tears in your eyes.

7. Lifitegrast (Xiidra).

To kick-start tear production, take these drops twice a day.

8. Nutrition and other medications:

Short-term steroid eye drops can be used in conjunction with long-term treatments. Including fish oil or omega-3 fatty acids in your diet can also assist.

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